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Nagorno-Karabakh War

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Nagorno-Karabakh is still, at the time of writing, a disputed issue between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

As the Soviet Union started to dissolve in the late 1980s, ethnic tension between the predominantly Armenian population of the area and the Azerbaijan SSR was a recurring issue. It broke out into inter-ethnic conflict in February 1988, and open war in 1991, after a referendum (boycotted by Azerbaijanis) led to Nagorno-Karabakh declaring itself an independent republic. A cease-fire was brokered in 1994.

Since then, the conflict has remained "frozen", with continuing sporadic clashes. The OSCE Minsk Group continues mediating with the governments of Armenia and Azerbaijan in the search for a settlement.

In November 2008, Armenia and Azerbaijan signed a joint agreement aimed at resolving their dispute over the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh.

The Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh remains remains unrecognized by any international organization or country, including Armenia.
  • Justice for Khojaly

    Aims to raise awareness internationally about the Karabakh conflict and the Khojaly massacre from an Azerbaijani perspective; includes a time line, photos, and multimedia resources covering the war and its aftermath.

  • Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

    Reuters Alertnet provides background resources and news about the conflict and its aftermath, with links and a time line.

  • Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

    A substantial resource on the conflict and its causes, and the subsequent peace process; produced and maintained by the Office of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic in the USA.

  • OSCE Minsk Process

    Established in 1992 by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe to provide a forum for negotiations towards a peaceful settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh crisis; includes their mandate, documents, and press releases.

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