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Rhabdomyosarcoma

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Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of connective tissue cancer affecting children, causing the abnormal growth of cells that later develop into skeletal muscles. It is a rare form of cancer that can start in any part of the body where skeletal muscles can be found. Most cases of rhabdomyosarcoma occur in the head, neck, genitourinary tract, prostate bladder, and other parts naturally lacking in skeletal muscle.

Signs and symptoms on the other hand are dependent on the location of the tumor or body part where the disease originates. Rhabdomyosarcoma in the head yields symptoms such as swelling around the eyes or blockages in nasal passages, the ear, and the throat. In the extremities, signs can include bruise-like swelling. Moreover, rhabdomyosarcoma in the genitals or urinary tract brings about blood in the urine, recurring urinary tract infection, incontinence, or blockages in the excretory organs.

The causes of rhabdomyosarcoma are still not known. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. In the absence of metastasis, a patient is expected to have better chances of long-term survival.
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